What is Biomedical Engineering?

Biomedical Engineering is currently considered amongst the most reputable fields within the global arena, and will continue to be the primer for any future breakthroughs in Medicine and Biology. Current advancements in healthcare practices are being guided toward new challenging frontiers, such as functional genomics, stem-cell therapy, organ growth, tele-surgery, spinal cord repair, and artificial vision, among others.

 

According to the Whitaker Foundation (Arlington, Virginia, USA), “Biomedical engineering is a discipline that advances knowledge in engineering, biology and medicine, and improves human health through cross-disciplinary activities that integrate the engineering sciences with the biomedical sciences and clinical practice. It includes:  

1. The acquisition of new knowledge and understanding of living systems through the innovative and substantive application of experimental and analytical techniques based on the engineering sciences.  

2. The development of new devices, algorithms, processes and systems that advance biology and medicine and improve medical practice and health care delivery.”  

 

Today, the field of Biomedical Engineering, with its steadfast growth, has successfully leaped into such interesting domains as bioinformatics and computational biology; biomedical imaging and image processing; biomedical sensors and biomedical instrumentation; biomimetics and biomicroelectromechanical systems (BioMEMS); biosolid- and biofluid-mechanics; biorobotics and biomechatronics; biosystems processing and biosystems modeling; biothermodynamics; cardiovascular and pulmonary systems; clinical engineering; drug delivery and gene therapy; healthcare information technology; micro- and nano-biomedical sciences and technologies; molecular, cellular, and tissue engineering; neural and rehabilitation engineering; and, genomics and proteomics.

The Biomedical Program at AUST

The Biomedical Engineering program at AUST will be converted into an independent field of study offering a B.S. degree in Biomedical Engineering (121 cr. hrs. beginning with the sophomore year) as soon as the University receives the final decree from the Lebanese Council of Ministers. The Biomedical Engineering program is designed to be compliant with ABET’s program criteria on Bioengineering and Biomedical and Similarly Named Engineering Programs.

This program embodies the understanding of theoretical knowledge and the practical skills required to design and develop modern biomedical systems. The main areas of instruction are in anatomy and physiology, biology, biophysics, chemistry, advanced mathematics, computers, electronics, control, signal processing, and instrumentation. Offered courses range from cellular and molecular biology, general and organic chemistry, quantitative physiology, biomedical systems, to the design of specific bio-electronic and bio-control systems.

 

What are the work prospects of a Biomedical Engineering?

A graduate of this program may work with engineers, computer scientists, practitioners in life science and medicine, and professionals in almost any other related field. The diversity of products that reflect the design talents of a graduate of this program range from large to small computers to special purpose computing hardware and software embedded within devices and systems. The applications are relevant to telemedicine; digital sound and picture processing for e-Health; manufacturing process control biomedical instrumentation; human-machine interface and control; bio- and medical informatics; design of systems for the acquisition, processing, storage and transmission of biomedical data and signals; and, innumerable other domains.

Graduates of this program are typically employed in universities, industry, hospitals, research facilities of educational and medical institutions, and in government regulatory agencies.  Although most biomedical engineering graduates end up working in these environments, others may use their emergent education as a springboard for building careers in fields such as medicine, law, and healthcare management.

The following is a useful list of assignments and responsibility areas in biomedical engineering jobs:

1) product development and design; 2) project assignments; 3) research; 4) sales and marketing; 5) data processing; 6) teaching and training; 7) technical and general design; 8) general/business management; 9) international trade assignments; 10) consulting; 11) quality-related assignments; 12) operation and maintenance; 13) personnel administration; 14) financial administration; 15) purchasing and materials assignments; 16) patenting assignments; and, 17) production planning and management.

 

Breakdown of the BME program’s requirements

COLLEGE REQUIREMENTS

15 Cr.

FREE ELECTIVES

6 Cr.

MATH REQUIREMENTS

15 Cr.

MAJOR REQUIREMENTS

62 Cr. 

       CCE Requirements

19 Cr.

       Joint CCE + BME Requirements

10 Cr.

       BME Requirements

23 Cr.

       CSI  Requirements

4 Cr.

       Biomedical Engineering Ethics

1 Cr.

       Senior Design

4 Cr.

       Practical Biomedical Engineering Training

1 Cr.

TECHNICAL ELECTIVES

6 Cr.

BIOMEDICAL SCIENCES

17 Cr.

Total Credits

121 Cr.

 

 
 
TOTAL REQUIRED CREDITS FOR GRADUATION (121 credits)
GENERAL GRADUATION REQUIREMENTS (15 credits)
CODE DESCRIPTION PREREQUISITE CR.
CSI 201 Introduction To Computing ENG 000
3
ENG 201 Composition & Rhetoric I ENG 100 OR ENG 200 OR ENG 105
3
ENG 202 Composition & Rhetoric II ENG 201
3
ENG 205 English Communication Skills ENG 202
3
HMS 201 Active Learning & Research Methodology ENG 001
3
FREE LIBERAL ARTS AND NATURAL SCIENCE ELECTIVES (6 credits)
To be selected from Social Sciences, Humanities, and/or Natural Science courses.
MATH REQUIREMENTS (15 credits)
CODE DESCRIPTION PREREQUISITE CR.
MAT 203 Calculus III MAT 102 OR MAT 202 OR PLACEMENT
3
MAT 205 Linear Algebra MAT 102 OR MAT 202
3
MAT 210 Probability & Statistics For Science MAT 102 OR MAT 202
3
MAT 225 Differential Equations MAT 203
3
MAT 315 Numerical Methods MAT 205 & CSI 205
3
BIOMEDICAL SCIENCES REQUIREMENTS (17 credits)
CODE DESCRIPTION PREREQUISITE CR.
BCH 210 Introduction To Biochemistry CHE210B or CHE 210
3
BIO 210 Cells & Molecules ENG 001, Co. BIO210L
3
BIO210L Cells & Molecules Laboratory Co. BIO 210
1
CHE201B General Chemistry ENG 001
3
CHE210B Organic Chemistry CHE201B
3
PSL 210 Introduction To Physiology ENG 001, Co. PSL210L
3
PSL210L Introduction To Physiology Laboratory Co. PSL 210
1
BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING MAJOR REQUIREMENTS (62 credits)
CODE DESCRIPTION PREREQUISITE CR.
BME 200 Introduction To Biomedical Engineering ENG 001
3
BME 210 Biomechanics I: Solid Mechanics MAT 201 & ENG 001
3
BME 212 Biomechanics II: Dynamics MAT 202 & BME 210
3
BME 317 Electrical Biophysics PSL 210 & CCE 201 & MAT 225
3
BME 319 Quantitative Physiology PSL 210 & PSL210L, Co. BME319L
3
BME319L Quantitative Physiology Laboratory Co. BME 319
1
BME 330 Signals & Biosystems MAT 225 & CCE 201 & CCE201L, Co. BME330L, Co. BME330P
3
BME330L MATLAB Applications in Signals & Biosystems Co. BME 330
0
BME330P Problem Solving in Signals & Biosystems Co. BME 330
0
BME 340 Computer-Aided Design in Biomedical Engineering CSI 201 & Junior Standing
3
BME 400 Practical Biomedical Engineering Training Junior Standing (Consent of Advisor)
1
BME 405 Biocontrol Systems MAT 205 & BME 330, Co. BME405L
3
BME405L Bio-Control Systems Laboratory Co. BME 405
1
BME 406 Biomedical Digital Signal Processing BME 330
3
BME406L MATLAB Applications in Biomedical Digital Signal Processing Co. BME 406
0
BME 481 Biomedical Instrumentation & Design CCE 301, Co.BME481L
3
BME481L Biomedical Instrumentation & Design Lab Co. BME 481
1
BME 490 Biomedical Engineering Ethics Senior Standing
1
BME497X Biomedical Engineering Senior Design Proposal Senior Standing, (Consent of Advisor)
1
BME499X Biomedical Engineering Senior Design BME 497 & Consent of Advisor
3
CCE 201 Circuit Analysis I MAT 202 OR MAT 102, Co. CCE201L & CCE 201P
3
CCE201L Circuits I Laboratory Co. CCE 201
1
CCE201P Problem Solving & PSPICE Circuit Analysis I Co. CCE 201
0
CCE 220 Digital Systems CSI 201, Co. CCE220L
3
CCE220L Digital Systems Lab Co. CCE 220
1
CCE 301 Electronics CCE 202 & CCE202L, Co. CCE301L & CCE301P
3
CCE301L Electronics Laboratory Co. CCE 301
1
CCE301P Problem Solving in Electronics Co. CCE 301
0
CCE 320 Computer Organization & Microprocessors CCE 220 & CCE220L, Co CCE320L
3
CCE320L Computer Organization & Microprocessors Lab Co. CCE 320
1
CCE 348 Virtual Instrumentation Systems CSI 205 & CSI205L
3
CSI 205 Computer Programming I CSI 201 & ENG 001, Co. CSI205L
3
CSI205L Programming I Lab Co. CSI 205
1
TECHNICAL ELECTIVES (6 credits)
CODE DESCRIPTION PREREQUISITE CR.
BME 403 The Human Body: Structure & Functions BME 200 & PSL 210 OR Consent of Advisor
3
BME 410 Biomedical Materials Considerations BME 212 & CHE301B OR Consent of Advisor
3
BME 420 Tissue Engineering BME 212 & CHE301B OR Consent of Advisor
3
BME 440 Medical & Bioinformatics CSI 205, Senior Standing
3
BME 450 Biomedical Engineering Design Senior Standing
3
BME 460 Bioelectromagnestism BME 317, Senior Standing
3
BME 470 Biotechnology Senior Standing
3
BME 473 Bionanotechnology Senior Standing
3
BME 475 Biomechanics III: Bio-Thermodynamics BME 212, Senior Standing
3
BME 476 Biomechanics IV: Bio-Fluid Mechanics BME 212, Senior Standing
3
BME 480 Clinical Engineering Senior Standing
3
BME 483 Intro. To Magnetic Resonance Imaging Senior Standing
3
BME 485 Introduction To Optical Imaging Senior Standing
3
BME 487 Biomedical Robotics BME 212 & BME 405 & CCE 301 & CCE 320
3
BME 489 Artificial Intelligence in Medicine Senior Standing
3
Course Descriptions
CSI 201
Introduction To Computing
This course is an introductory non-technical survey of computer systems and a study of the social impact of computers. Topics include software, the system unit, input and output, secondary storage, communications and connectivity, the Internet, security, databases, information systems, systems analysis and design, programming and languages.
Prerequisite: ENG 000
ENG 201
Composition & Rhetoric I
This is the students' first major encounter with critical thinking, reading, and writing. Students are exposed to themes from different disciplines and are expected to discuss them, read and write about them. The essay of all its types is the writing format dealt with in the first half. A research paper, 5-10 pages in length, follows in the second half.
Prerequisite: ENG 100 OR ENG 200 OR ENG 105
ENG 202
Composition & Rhetoric II
In this course, students are expected to engage in deep critical thinking and to construct written arguments in which they decide on a controversial issue. They are helped to think of argument in terms of having an opinion, voicing it persuasively, and supporting it adequately. Hence, they will be analyzing debatable issues appearing in writing and will be introduced to the elements and structure of argument, including the Toulmin model, the rhetorical situation, the traditional categories of claims, the types of proof, logical fallacies and the Rogerian argument. Reading, critical thinking, and writing are taught as integrated processes. There will be essays for analysis, as well as essay topics for development.
Prerequisite: ENG 201
ENG 205
English Communication Skills
Students' communication competence is enhanced by learning the techniques and strategies of public speaking. No other skills are so closely tied to a student's professional success as communication skills. Using what they have learned in other English language courses, students practice and communicate, guided by the fundamental principles of public speaking, and provided with a forum for applying these principles, through a variety of instructional strategies - discussion, class workshops.
Prerequisite: ENG 202
HMS 201
Active Learning & Research Methodology

This is an introductory course that aims at bridging the gap between school and college and develops the student's skills in three areas related to active learning and research methodology. In the first area, the student is introduced to the university's rules and regulations and general guidelines. In the second area, the student hones his/her study skills, namely, developing schedules, improving concentration, developing time-saving test-taking strategies, taking good notes, improving listening and reading skills, and applying strategies to avoid test anxiety. In the third area, the student is introduced to research, armed with the theory, methodology, and techniques of the research process, starting with conceptualization and ending with report writing.

Prerequisite: ENG 001
MAT 203
Calculus III
This is an advanced calculus course. Contents include sequences and series, Fourier series, Lagrange multipliers, polar coordinates and their applications, functions of several variables, partial differentiation, quadratic surfaces, cylindrical, spherical, and rectangular coordinates and multiple integrals and their applications.
Prerequisite: MAT 102 OR MAT 202 OR PLACEMENT
MAT 205
Linear Algebra
This is an advanced algebra course. Contents include linear equations, Guassian elimination, matrices and determinants, vector spaces and subspaces, bases and dimensions, rank and nullity, linear independency and dependency, Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors.
Prerequisite: MAT 102 OR MAT 202
MAT 210
Probability & Statistics For Science
This is a statistics course for computer science and engineering students. Contents include random variables, laws of probability, probability distributions, expectation and variance, moment generating functions, joint distribution, independence, probability models, Chi-square test, t- and f- distributions, estimation, confidence limits, significance tests, and regression.
Prerequisite: MAT 102 OR MAT 202
MAT 225
Differential Equations
This course discusses the principles techniques and applications of differential equations needed in engineering. Contents include first-order equations, separable, exact, and linear equations, second-order differential equations, Frobenius Method, Fourier series and Laplace transforms.
Prerequisite: MAT 203
MAT 315
Numerical Methods
This course discusses the numerical methods needed in computer science and computer engineering. Contents include numerical integration methods, Monte Carlo method, moment method and matrix multiplication techniques. Emphasis will be on the implementation of numerical procedures using software packages such as Mathematica, MathCAD or MatLab.
Prerequisite: MAT 205 & CSI 205
BCH 210
Introduction To Biochemistry
The objectives of the course are to offer to the student a first hand description of the principles and practices of biochemistry. Students are exposed to the basic structures of major classes of biologically important molecules and metabolic activities of major importance in living organisms.
Prerequisite: CHE210B or CHE 210
BIO 210
Cells & Molecules
This course deals with cells and their molecules. Its main goal is to provide knowledge on the basics of the cell structure and function, with emphasis on the evolution and chemistry of the cell, membranes, organelles and cytoskeleton, cell signaling and regulation, and the flow of genetic information.
Prerequisite: ENG 001, Co. BIO210L
BIO210L
Cells & Molecules Laboratory
This is a laboratory course that deals with a selection of common techniques used in cell and molecular biology. This course should provide hands-on practical applications for topics discussed in the BIO 210 course in and experimental approach.
Prerequisite: Co. BIO 210
CHE201B
General Chemistry
This course deals with general chemical principles. The goal of this course is to provide knowledge on the basics of atomic structure, chemical bonds, chemical reactions, gases, solutions, reaction equilibria, with emphasis on the practical aspects of chemistry in numerous health-related situations.
Prerequisite: ENG 001
CHE210B
Organic Chemistry
This course deals with general chemical principles. The goal of this course is to provide knowledge on the basics of atomic structure, chemical bonds, chemical reactions, gases, solutions, reaction equilibria, with emphasis on the practical aspects of chemistry in numerous health-related situations.
Prerequisite: CHE201B
PSL 210
Introduction To Physiology
The objective of this course is to offer to the student a general introduction into the basic aspects of physiology. The material covered in the course can be used as stand-alone, or to lead on to more detailed studies of physiology. The course takes a largely systemic approach to the study of the human body. Emphasis is on the function, regulation and integration of organs and organ systems of higher animals, emphasizing human physiology.
Prerequisite: ENG 001, Co. PSL210L
PSL210L
Introduction To Physiology Laboratory
This laboratory course consists of a set laboratory experiments designed to provide students with hands on experience related to PSL 210.
Prerequisite: Co. PSL 210
BME 200
Introduction To Biomedical Engineering
This is a sophomore-level course in the biomedical engineering program. It offers the student a first hand description of the principles and practices of the biomedical engineering field. After an introduction to the historical development of biomedical engineering and relevant medical terminology, students are exposed to specific topics of the biomedical engineering field. Emphasis is on the different areas of application and the major tools of solution. Course content: a historical perspective, anatomy and physiology, bioelectric phenomena, biomedical sensors, bioinstrumentation, bio-signals processing, physiological modeling, biomechanics, biomaterials, tissue engineering, biotechnology, biomedical imaging, rehabilitation engineering and assistive technology, and clinical engineering.
Prerequisite: ENG 001
BME 210
Biomechanics I: Solid Mechanics
This is a sophomore-level course in the biomedical engineering program, which provides a clear and thorough presentation of the theory and application of the principles of engineering mechanics to rigid and deformable bodies. In the field of biomedical engineering, solid mechanics is used to describe the principles of mechanics as they relate to physiological organs and systems with a specific focus on the musculoskeletal system. The course is divided into two parts: statics and mechanics of deformable bodies. Under statics, the student will be introduced to the following topics: fundamentals; forces; equilibrium of particles; moment of forces; equilibrium of rigid bodies; first moments: centroids and centers of gravity; second moments: moments of inertia; and structures. While under the mechanics of deformable bodies, the student will be offered the following topics: stress/strain; classification of material behavior; generalized Hooke's law; engineering applications: axial loads, torsion of circular rods and tubes, bending and shear stresses in beams, deflection of beams, combined stresses, stress and strain transformation.
Prerequisite: MAT 201 & ENG 001
BME 212
Biomechanics II: Dynamics
This is a sophomore-level course in the biomedical engineering program. It is a basic engineering course addressing two fundamental areas of mechanics, namely kinematics and kinetics. The course provides continuity to the theory and application of the principles of engineering mechanics. In the field of biomedical engineering, dynamics describes the principles of mechanics as they relate to physiological organs and the musculoskeletal system. Additionally, it provides a launch pad for advanced areas of biomechanics, which include impact mechanics, mechanism of injuries, and human motion analysis. The course contents include the following topics: vector description of force, position, velocity and acceleration in fixed and moving reference frames; kinetics of particles, of assemblies of particles and of rigid bodies; energy and momentum concepts; Euler's equations; and moment of inertia properties.
Prerequisite: MAT 202 & BME 210
BME 317
Electrical Biophysics
This is a junior-level course in the biomedical engineering program. It addresses the fundamental concepts in electrophysiology of excitable cells from a quantitative perspective. The course covers in great detail the following topics: electrical biophysics of nerve and muscle; electrical conduction in excitable tissue; quantitative models for nerve and muscle including the Hodgkin Huxley equations; biopotential mapping, cardiac electrophysiology, and functional electrical stimulation.
Prerequisite: PSL 210 & CCE 201 & MAT 225
BME 319
Quantitative Physiology
This course offers for the junior undergraduate student in biomedical engineering the learning opportunity to understand and develop competencies in medical physiology following a quantitative, research-oriented, and systems approach. The course covers in great detail the following physiological systems: cellular, neuromuscular, musculoskeletal, cardiovascular, respiratory, gastrointestinal, renal, and endocrine. Mathematical models are utilized in the description of system performance where applicable
Prerequisite: PSL 210 & PSL210L, Co. BME319L
BME319L
Quantitative Physiology Laboratory
This laboratory course consists of a set of BIOPAC-based laboratory experiments designed to provide students with hands on experience related to PSL 319. Experiments include: electromyography, electroencephalography, electrocardiography, systemic blood pressure, the cardiac cycle and heart sounds, and pulmonary functions tests (BIOPAC is a Trademark of BIOPAC Systems, Inc., Goleta, CA, USA).
Prerequisite: Co. BME 319
BME 330
Signals & Biosystems
This is a junior-level course in the biomedical engineering program. It addresses the fundamentals of continuous-time and discrete-time signals as applied to biological and biomedical systems. The course presents a study of linear time-invariant systems and their properties. It also offers an analysis of signals and systems using Fourier, Laplace, and Z-Transforms. The course adopts a realistic approach, custom-built for the field of biomedical engineering, through the application of signals and systems concepts and tools to biomedical signals, such as ECG, EMG, ERG and EEG.
Prerequisite: MAT 225 & CCE 201 & CCE201L, Co. BME330L, Co. BME330P
BME330L
MATLAB Applications in Signals & Biosystems
These are supplementary computer laboratory sessions designed to provide hands on experience related to BME330 with a focal point on computer explorations in signals and systems using MATLAB.
Prerequisite: Co. BME 330
BME330P
Problem Solving in Signals & Biosystems
These supplementary problem solving sessions accompany the BME 330 course
Prerequisite: Co. BME 330
BME 340
Computer-Aided Design in Biomedical Engineering
This is a junior-level course in the biomedical engineering program. Computer-aided design (CAD) is the use of computer technology to aid in the design and especially the drafting, whether technical drawing or engineering drawing, of a part or product. CAD is not only a visual, or drawing, method of communication but also symbol-based whose principles are particular to a specific technical field. The objective of this course is to provide the student with hands-on experience with computer-aided design in biomedical engineering using modern CAD/CAE tools. The course covers the following topics: Representation of surfaces in space; 3-D display methods and hardware; 3-D boundary tracing and texture; bio-sterometry and stereo-photogrammetry in biomedicine; and some aspects of computer-aided manufacturing of prostheses and other topics.
Prerequisite: CSI 201 & Junior Standing
BME 400
Practical Biomedical Engineering Training
This is a supervised two months full-time biomedical engineering training that should take place at a professional establishment outside the university premises. A student presents a technical report by the end of this training period, and then he/she makes a public presentation before a departmental jury exposing his/her training experience.
Prerequisite: Junior Standing (Consent of Advisor)
BME 405
Biocontrol Systems
This is a senior-level course in the biomedical engineering program. It addresses the fundamentals of control systems as applied to numerous engineering systems including biomedical engineering. The objectives of the course are to teach the fundamentals of control analysis and design using frequency response and state-space methods. This includes both theoretical and applied aspects of the topic. The course presents a study of the following subject matters: feedback concept, state variable description of linear control systems, block diagrams and signal flow graphs, sensitivity and disturbance analyses, steady state error analysis, stability analysis, time domain analysis, root locus, frequency domain analysis, and control system design in the time and frequency domains.
Prerequisite: MAT 205 & BME 330, Co. BME405L
BME405L
Bio-Control Systems Laboratory
Laboratory experiments designed to provide students with hands on experience related to BME 405
Prerequisite: Co. BME 405
BME 406
Biomedical Digital Signal Processing
This is a senior-level course in the biomedical engineering program. It focuses on the application of linear systems theory in the design and analysis of digital signal processing systems. Discrete systems, the Z transform, and discrete Fourier transform are viewed. Design of infinite impulse response filters, finite impulse response filters, and digital spectral analysis systems is presented. Computer simulation is used to study the performance of filters and spectral analysis systems. Signal processing architectures are introduced.
Prerequisite: BME 330
BME406L
MATLAB Applications in Biomedical Digital Signal Processing

There are supplementary computer laboratory sessions designed to provide hands on experience related to BME 406 with a focal point on computer explorations in Digital Signal Processing.

Prerequisite: Co. BME 406
BME 481
Biomedical Instrumentation & Design
This is a senior-level course in the biomedical engineering program, which addresses the fundamentals of biomedical instrumentation in terms of their principles, applications, and design. The objectives of the course are to teach the following subject matters: basic concepts of medical instrumentation; basic sensors and applications; amplifiers and signal processing; the origin of biopotentials; biopotentials electrodes; biopotential amplifiers; blood pressure and sound; measurement of flow and volume of blood; measurement of the respiratory system; chemical biosensors; clinical laboratory instrumentation; medical imaging systems; therapeutic and prosthetic devices; and electrical safety.
Prerequisite: CCE 301, Co.BME481L
BME481L
Biomedical Instrumentation & Design Lab
This is a senior-level course in the biomedical engineering program, which addresses the fundamentals of biomedical instrumentation in terms of their principles, applications, and design. The objectives of the course are to teach the following subject matters: basic concepts of medical instrumentation; basic sensors and applications; amplifiers and signal processing; the origin of biopotentials; biopotentials electrodes; biopotential amplifiers; blood pressure and sound; measurement of flow and volume of blood; measurement of the respiratory system; chemical biosensors; clinical laboratory instrumentation; medical imaging systems; therapeutic and prosthetic devices; and electrical safety.
Prerequisite: Co. BME 481
BME 490
Biomedical Engineering Ethics
This is a senior-level course in biomedical engineering, which provides an exploration, from the point of view of ethical behavior, of a number of ethical problems in the field of biomedical engineering. The course enables the students to recognize the moral aspects related to applications and experiments on human, social, environmental, and global concerns. The following subject matters are covered: a map of the terrain of ethics; the Hippocratic Oath and its challengers; defining death, abortion, and animal welfare; problems in benefiting and avoiding harm to the patient; the ethics of respect for persons; the principle of avoiding killing; death and dying; social ethics of medicine; human control of life; resolving conflicts among principles; and the virtues in bioethics.
Prerequisite: Senior Standing
BME497X
Biomedical Engineering Senior Design Proposal
This is a senior-level course in biomedical engineering which provides an opportunity for the undergraduate biomedical engineering students to perform the plan needed for developing a team-oriented, goal-driven, state-of-the-art supervised senior capstone project proposal pertaining to their filed. Additionally, the course entails some aspects of design strategies, techniques, tools, and protocols encountered in biomedical engineering.
Prerequisite: Senior Standing, (Consent of Advisor)
BME499X
Biomedical Engineering Senior Design
This is a senior-level course in biomedical engineering.  The course is a supervised independent capstone year project performed in groups of two to four students and aims at providing applied experience in some areas of biomedical engineering.
Prerequisite: BME 497 & Consent of Advisor
CCE 201
Circuit Analysis I
Review of the laws of electricity and magnetism. Circuit elements. DC electric circuits. Circuit laws. Network theorems. Time domain analysis in capacitive and inductive DC circuits. Introduction to sinusoidal analysis. Electric circuits development software. Introduction to the operational amplifier and transformer. PSPICE required.
Prerequisite: MAT 202 OR MAT 102, Co. CCE201L & CCE 201P
CCE201L
Circuits I Laboratory
Laboratory instruments and devices. Electric materials. Soldering techniques. Simple electric and electronic circuit applications. Design and implementation of PCB's, measurements, transformers.
Prerequisite: Co. CCE 201
CCE201P
Problem Solving & PSPICE Circuit Analysis I
These are supplementary problem solving sessions to accompany the CCE 201 course.
Prerequisite: Co. CCE 201
CCE 220
Digital Systems
Covers the following topics: Logic gates, binary number system, conversation between number systems, Boolean algebra, Karnaugh maps, combinational logic, digital logic design, flip-flops, programmable logic devices (PLDs), counters, registers, memories, state machines, designing combinational logic and state machines into PLDs and basic computer architecture.
Prerequisite: CSI 201, Co. CCE220L
CCE220L
Digital Systems Lab
Experiments with gates. Properties of TTL and CMOS families. Design of combinational logic circuits. Decoders, Multiplexers, ROM's and Displays. Flip-Flop experiments and their application to designing synchronous logic circuits. Counters, adders and ALU designs.
Prerequisite: Co. CCE 220
CCE 301
Electronics
Introduction to electronics, semiconductor theory, pn junction, ideal Op-Amps, BJTs, FETs, DC biasing, VI characteristics, single stage amplifiers, low frequency small signal models, oscillators, filters, power supplies and voltage regulation. PSpice required.
Prerequisite: CCE 202 & CCE202L, Co. CCE301L & CCE301P
CCE301L
Electronics Laboratory
Characteristics and applications of OP-AMPS, rectifiers, BJTs and FETs. Introduction to electronic simulation softwares. Laboratory experiments with amplifiers, oscillators, regulators and filters.
Prerequisite: Co. CCE 301
CCE301P
Problem Solving in Electronics
These are supplementary problem solving sessions to accompany the CCE 301 course.
Prerequisite: Co. CCE 301
CCE 320
Computer Organization & Microprocessors
Topics include: Computer structure, Central Processor Unit, Storage Units, Machine language, Introduction to 8, 16, 32 and higher microprocessors, Programming model, System Architecture and Software, Instruction sets, Addressing modes, Input - Output Protocols, Interrupt handling, RISC architecture.
Prerequisite: CCE 220 & CCE220L, Co CCE320L
CCE320L
Computer Organization & Microprocessors Lab
Assembly language programming using simple microprocessor training kits like the 8085, 8086, Z80, 68000 and others. Interfaces; programming and control of external tasks. Microprocessor hardware and interfacing with assembly language programming and interfacing exercises.
Prerequisite: Co. CCE 320
CCE 348
Virtual Instrumentation Systems

This course directly links LabVIEW functionality to the application needs, and provides a jump-start for application development. The course is divided into two constituents: Core 1 and Core 2. Core 1 gives the student the ability to explore the LabVIEW environment, dataflow programming, and common LabVIEW development techniques in a hands-on format. The student will learn to develop data acquisition, instrument control, data-logging, and measurement analysis applications. He/she will be able to create applications using the state machine design pattern to acquire, process, display, and store real-world data. Core 2 is an extension of Core 1, and teaches the student to use common design patterns to successfully implement and distribute LabVIEW applications in research, engineering, and testing environments. Topics covered include the use of event-driven programming, programmatic control of user interface, techniques to optimize reuse of existing code, and use of file I/O functions and tools to create executables and installers.

Prerequisite: CSI 205 & CSI205L
CSI 205
Computer Programming I
This course explains the basic principles of algorithmic problem solving and programming. Topics include: use of methods of top down design, stepwise refinement and procedural abstraction, basic control structures, data types, and input/output, introduction to the software development process: design, implementation, testing and documentation, and the syntax and semantics of C++ programming language C++.
Prerequisite: CSI 201 & ENG 001, Co. CSI205L
CSI205L
Programming I Lab
This one credit course is taken in conjunction with CSI 205. The purpose of this course is to give students extra hands-on programming practice with guided supervision. Students will work as individuals or in pairs each week to develop working programs; grades are given at the end of each development phase.
Prerequisite: Co. CSI 205
BME 403
The Human Body: Structure & Functions
This is a technical elective course in the biomedical engineering program. It is a lecture-oriented, multi-media course that highlights the basic fabric of the human body as a functioning biological organism. It consists of a blend of gross anatomy, histology, developmental anatomy and neuroanatomy that takes the human body from conception to death while dealing with organization at all levels from cells to systems, system interrelations, and key features of selected anatomical regions. The course covers the following topics: basic embryology, histology, skeletal system, muscular system, nervous system, special senses, endocrine system, cardiovascular system, lymphatic system, respiratory system, digestive system, urinary system, fluid electrolyte and acid/base balance, and reproductive systems.
Prerequisite: BME 200 & PSL 210 OR Consent of Advisor
BME 410
Biomedical Materials Considerations
This is a senior-level technical elective course in the biomedical engineering program, which addresses the fundamentals of materials science as applied to problems in biology, medicine, and dentistry. The course covers in large detail the following topics: Biomaterials and their physiological interactions. Materials used in medicine and dentistry: metals, polymers, ceramics, glasses, composites, hydro gels, resorbable, smart, and natural materials. Materials response/degradation: mechanical breakdown, corrosion, dissolution, leaching, chemical degradation, and wear. Host responses: foreign body reactions, inflammation, wound healing, carcinogenicity, immunogenicity, cytotoxicity, infection, and local/systemic effects. Biomaterials testing. Artificial organs and implants.
Prerequisite: BME 212 & CHE301B OR Consent of Advisor
BME 420
Tissue Engineering
This is a senior-level technical elective course in the biomedical engineering program. Tissue engineering is the use of a combination of cells, engineering, and materials methods together with suitable biochemical and physiochemical factors to improve or replace biological functions. Accordingly, this course focuses on the selection, processing, testing, and performance of materials used in biomedical applications with special emphasis upon tissue engineering. The course covers in large detail the following topics: material selection and processing, mechanisms and kinetics of material degradation, cell-material interactions and interfaces; effect of construct architecture on tissue growth; and transport through engineered tissues. Examples of engineering tissues for replacing cartilage, bone, tendons, ligaments, skin, and liver are presented.
Prerequisite: BME 212 & CHE301B OR Consent of Advisor
BME 440
Medical & Bioinformatics
This is a senior-level technical elective course in the biomedical engineering program. The course presents a survey of fundamental concepts of medical and bioinformatics methods and techniques involved in the integration of computers systems in medical centers and life science industries. It covers the following topics: Introduction to biomedical information systems; data representation, modeling, management and mining; systems evaluation; project management practices for biomedical decision making; and legal and ethical considerations.
Prerequisite: CSI 205, Senior Standing
BME 450
Biomedical Engineering Design
This is a senior-level technical elective course in the biomedical engineering program where interdisciplinary design groups carry out biomedical instrumentation design projects. Projects are sponsored by the university and local industry. Students are exposed to the entire design process: design problem definition, generation of a design specification, documentation, design review process, prototype fabrication, testing and calibration.
Prerequisite: Senior Standing
BME 460
Bioelectromagnestism
This is a senior-level technical elective course in the biomedical engineering program. Bioelectromagnetism refers to the electrical, magnetic or electromagnetic fields produced by living cells, tissues, or organisms. The objective of this course is to provide the student with an in-depth coverage of bioelectromagnetism. It covers the following topics: Anatomical and physiological basis of bioelectromagnetism; bioelectric sources and conductors and their modeling; theoretical methods in bioelectromagnetism; electric and magnetic measurement of the electric activity of neural tissue; electric and magnetic measurement of the electric activity of heart; electric and magnetic stimulation of neural tissue; electric and magnetic stimulation of the heart; measurement of the intrinsic electric properties of biological tissues; and other bioelectromagnetic phenomena.
Prerequisite: BME 317, Senior Standing
BME 470
Biotechnology
This is a senior-level technical elective course in the biomedical engineering program. Biotechnology is technology based on biology, especially when used in agriculture, food science, and medicine. The course offers an introduction to biotechnology and its different applications. It covers the following topics: The biotechnology century and its workforce; an introduction to genes and genomes; history of genetic manipulation: recombinant DNA technology; proteins as products; microbial biotechnology; agricultural biotechnology; animal biotechnology; DNA fingerprinting and forensic analysis; bioremediation; aquatic biotechnology; medical biotechnology; regulatory biotechnology; and ethics and biotechnology.
Prerequisite: Senior Standing
BME 473
Bionanotechnology
This is a senior-level technical elective course in the biomedical engineering program. Bionanotechnology is the intersection of biology and nanotechnology. It is a highly interdisciplinary field, resulting from the convergence of the physical, life and medical sciences and engineering. The course covers the following topics: Protein, amino acid, nucleic acid and cell adsorption on surfaces; fundamental studies of biocompatibility; functionalization of surfaces by self-assembled monolayers (SAMs); binding forces of biomolecules to surfaces; structure and function of biological macromolecules; membrane proteins, molecule pores, and pumps studied by XRD/NMR; transmission XM imaging of bio-nanostructural complexes in liquid; synthesis of biomimetic nanodevices for enzymatic/catalytic reactions; characterization of nucleic acids by AFM; microbial mediated corrosion; organ and tumor homing reagents; enzyme simulation and rational drug design; drug delivery nano-particles; nano-motors; and biosensors.
Prerequisite: Senior Standing
BME 475
Biomechanics III: Bio-Thermodynamics
This is a senior-level technical elective course in the biomedical engineering program. The course offers an introduction to engineering thermodynamics and heat transfer. It is designed to give the student an understanding of the transformation of thermal energy and the behavior of its physical quantities. In the context of biomedical engineering, thermodynamics becomes indispensable in areas such as i) modeling of cell and protein adhesion to synthetic and natural biomaterials, ii) elucidation of the functioning of lung surfactants, and iii) application of surface thermodynamics to biotechnological problems. The course examines the following topics: first law; second law; system and control volume analysis; properties and behavior of pure substances; application to thermodynamic systems; heat transfer mechanisms; steady and transient heat conduction in solids; approximate and exact solution procedures; and thermal radiation
Prerequisite: BME 212, Senior Standing
BME 476
Biomechanics IV: Bio-Fluid Mechanics
This is a senior-level technical elective course in the biomedical engineering program. It covers the following topics: dynamics, measurements and simulation of vascular pressure and flow in health and disease, micro-circulation, design of prosthetic flow-regulation devices, cellular energetics and body metabolism, thermal modeling and measurements, cell hyperthermia and hypothermia, design of blood heat exchangers thermal probes, cryoprobes, prosthetic mass transfer devices, medical visualization and medical image processing.
Prerequisite: BME 212, Senior Standing
BME 480
Clinical Engineering
This is a senior-level technical elective course in the biomedical engineering program. Clinical engineering is a key division of biomedical engineering responsible for applying engineering technology for the improvement and delivery of health services. The course provides a foundation in medical and clinical terminology, medical instrumentation, medical sciences, hospital procedure, and medical practice from an engineering perspective. It covers the following topics: the evolution of clinical engineering, medical technology, risk management, patient safety, and medical equipment planning.
Prerequisite: Senior Standing
BME 483
Intro. To Magnetic Resonance Imaging
This is a senior-level technical elective course in the biomedical engineering program. It covers the following topics: introduction to the physics, techniques and applications of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI); basics of nuclear magnetic resonance physics, spectral analysis and Fourier transforms; techniques for spatial localization; MRI hardware; applications of MRI, including magnetic resonance properties of biological tissues and contrast agents; and imaging of anatomy and function.
Prerequisite: Senior Standing
BME 485
Introduction To Optical Imaging
This is a senior-level technical elective course in the biomedical engineering program which highlights the importance of optical imaging as a diagnostic tool in biomedical engineering. The course first briefly summarizes the principles of optics at an introductory level. Then it discusses different optical imaging techniques. Students are also exposed to the principles of optical system design, such as paraxial matrix optics and ray tracing.
Prerequisite: Senior Standing
BME 487
Biomedical Robotics
This is a senior-level technical elective course in the biomedical engineering program. It provides a perspective on robotics technologies applied to (and inspired by) themes of biomedical research and practice. The first part of the course addresses the foundations of robotics and biological movement control. This part will be followed by seminars on specific topics such as brain-machine interfaces, rehabilitation robotics, prosthetic devices, and robot-aided surgery. Students enrolled in this course are expected to make presentations and participate in discussions of relevant research literature. Furthermore, the students are required to work on the design and development of a term project.
Prerequisite: BME 212 & BME 405 & CCE 301 & CCE 320
BME 489
Artificial Intelligence in Medicine
This is a senior-level technical elective course in the biomedical engineering program. It introduces the student to the basic concepts of artificial intelligence (AI). Subsequently, the course will guide the student through an in-depth examination of medical applications of AI. Emphasis is on knowledge of heuristic programming; examination of classic AI programming languages (LISP and PROLOG) and AI programming; and rule-based systems and cognitive models.
Prerequisite: Senior Standing

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